Tag Archives: Investment Bank Operations Outsourcing


In the dynamic and rapidly evolving realm of finance, Investment Banks emerge as the quintessential pillars that not only facilitate but also catalyze economic growth, foster corporate development, and stimulate capital formation. Renowned for their unparalleled expertise and adeptness in navigating the intricate labyrinth of the financial markets, investment banks assume a pivotal and indispensable role in orchestrating the seamless flow of capital between discerning investors and ambitious corporations. As we embark on this exploration into the intricate inner workings of investment banks, we aim to unravel their multifaceted contributions to the global financial ecosystem, shedding light on the complex mechanisms that underpin their operations. Additionally, we will highlight the diverse constellation of investment banks that collectively shape the ever-evolving landscape of modern finance.

Understanding Investment Banks

At its essence, an investment bank serves as a pivotal intermediary connecting entities in pursuit of capital with those possessing the means to allocate it. Diverging from conventional commercial banking institutions, which predominantly engage in deposit-taking and loan disbursement, investment banks carve out a specialized niche in the financial domain. They excel in diverse functions such as underwriting securities, orchestrating mergers and acquisitions, extending advisory services, and executing intricate financial transactions. The breadth of their responsibilities spans a broad spectrum, encompassing activities ranging from the facilitation of capital accumulation to the meticulous management of risk.

Applications of Investment Banking

Investment banking is essential to the corporate world because it makes a variety of financial operations possible that support growth, innovation, and strategic expansion. Here, we examine the crucial uses of investment banking in the context of corporations:

Capital Raising

A fundamental function of investment banks is to aid corporations in raising capital to support their growth initiatives. Whether it’s through initial public offerings (IPOs), subsequent offerings, or debt issuance, investment banks offer invaluable expertise in structuring and executing capital-raising transactions. Leveraging extensive networks of investors, investment banks facilitate access to vital funds for financing new projects, pursuing acquisitions, or bolstering working capital.

Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A)

Investment banks act as dependable consultants for businesses pursuing strategic alliances, divestitures, mergers, or acquisitions. Investment bankers assist clients with every stage of the M&A process, from target selection and valuation to negotiation and deal structuring, by drawing on their extensive industry knowledge and transactional expertise. Investment banks help companies achieve synergies, increase market share, and create long-term, sustainable value for shareholders by enabling strategic deals.

Strategic Advisory Services

Beyond transactional support, investment banks offer strategic advisory services to corporations seeking guidance on a diverse array of strategic initiatives. This encompasses strategic planning, market entry strategies, capital allocation decisions, and corporate restructuring. Leveraging analytical prowess and industry insights, investment bankers deliver tailored recommendations that align with clients’ overarching goals and objectives, enabling them to navigate complex strategic challenges effectively.

Debt Financing

In addition to equity capital markets, investment banks play a vital role in arranging debt financing for corporations. Whether it’s syndicated loans, bond issuances, or structured finance solutions, investment banks assist corporations in optimizing their capital structure and securing funding on favorable terms. By tapping into debt capital markets, corporations can finance expansion projects, refinance existing debt, or manage liquidity requirements more efficiently, thereby enhancing financial flexibility and resilience.

Risk Management

Investment banks are essential to a company’s ability to manage a range of financial risks, such as currency, interest rate, and price risk for commodities. Investment banks give companies the ability to reduce their exposure to fluctuating market circumstances and hedge against unfavorable market moves by using derivative instruments like futures, options, and swaps. Corporations may enhance their resilience against market risks and preserve financial stability and shareholder value by putting strong risk management policies into place.

Investment Banking Process

Investment banking process

Investment banking process


The investment banking process typically commences with the origination stage, wherein investment bankers identify opportunities for capital raising or corporate restructuring. This involves conducting extensive market research, assessing industry trends, and cultivating relationships with prospective clients. During this phase, investment bankers strive to understand the unique financial objectives and strategic imperatives of their clients, thereby laying the groundwork for tailored financial solutions.

Due Diligence

Investment banking professionals begins the due diligence process, which entails an in-depth assessment of the potential transaction’s operational, legal, and financial aspects, after identifying possible prospects. In addition to making sure that everyone involved have all the details before moving forward, this crucial stage seeks to identify any potential risks or obstacles that could cause the transaction to fail.

Structuring and Valuation

With a comprehensive understanding of the underlying dynamics, investment bankers proceed to structure the transaction and determine its appropriate valuation. This entails devising optimal capital structures, negotiating terms and conditions, and utilizing sophisticated financial models to ascertain the fair value of assets or securities involved in the transaction. By leveraging their expertise in finance and economics, investment bankers strive to maximize value for their clients while mitigating risks.

Underwriting and Syndication

Once the transaction is structured and valued, investment bankers assume the role of underwriters, wherein they commit to purchasing securities from the issuer at a predetermined price. This underwriting process provides assurance to the issuer regarding the successful completion of the offering, thereby instilling confidence among investors. Subsequently, investment bankers engage in syndication, whereby they distribute the securities to a diverse array of institutional and retail investors, thereby broadening the investor base and enhancing liquidity.

Execution and Closing

The culmination of investment banking process culminates in the execution and closing stage, wherein the transaction is consummated, and the funds are transferred. Investment bankers play a pivotal role in orchestrating the seamless execution of the transaction, liaising with various stakeholders, coordinating legal and regulatory compliance, and ensuring adherence to timelines. Through meticulous attention to detail and proactive management, investment bankers’ endeavor to navigate the complexities of the closing process and deliver value to their clients.

Regulatory Compliance and Risk Management

This section focuses on the regulatory landscape within which investment bank’s function and the steps they implement to ensure adherence to regulations and proficient risk management. It encompasses discussions on regulatory frameworks, adherence to securities laws, strategies for combating money laundering (AML), and approaches for assessing and mitigating risks effectively.

Magistral’s Services for Investment Banks

Magistral Consulting is proud to offer its Investment Banking Services, providing a comprehensive range of tailored solutions to meet the diverse needs of our esteemed clients:

Magistral's services for Investment banks

Magistral’s services for Investment banks

Deal Sourcing

Our skilled team at Magistral Consulting specializes in delivering extensive deal origination services. Utilizing a strong network and deep market insights, we meticulously uncover lucrative investment prospects. Through thorough analyses of industries and markets, we identify emerging trends and opportunities, pinpointing potential investment targets. Our meticulously curated industry bulletins ensure our clients stay informed about the latest developments, empowering them to seize strategic opportunities and maintain a competitive edge.


Our valuation services have been customized to match the specific needs of each of our clients. We use advanced techniques and cutting-edge analytics to produce precise and perceptive valuations, from performing LBO and DCF modelling to financial analysis and precedent transaction appraisals. Our main goal is to provide clients with the information they need to make informed investment decisions, whether they are analyzing current portfolios or potential buying decisions. We continue to be relentless in our commitment to provide unparalleled valuation knowledge.

Deal Execution

Magistral Consulting has been recognized for its ability to close transactions. Our signature is efficiently and precisely guiding clients through every stage of the transaction process. We create smooth deal execution methods with the goal of maximizing value and lowering risk, from creating captivating teasers and investment letters to locating possible buyers and investors. Our proactive approach and thorough attention to detail guarantee perfect transaction execution, providing our valued clients with outstanding outcomes.


Effective marketing is critical to raising awareness and creating interest in investment options in today’s intensely competitive industry. Magistral Consulting provides a full range of marketing services that are customized to each individual client’s requirements. Creating white papers, case studies, impact analysis reports, thought leadership articles, and insights into sustainable investing are all included in this. Our Perspectives (PoVs) offer industry-leading knowledge and experience, establishing our clients as leaders and drawing interest from possible partners and investors.

About Magistral Consulting

Magistral Consulting has helped multiple funds and companies in outsourcing operations activities. It has service offerings for Private Equity, Venture Capital, Family OfficesInvestment BanksAsset Managers, Hedge Funds, Financial Consultants, Real Estate, REITs, RE fundsCorporates, and Portfolio companies. Its functional expertise is around Deal originationDeal Execution, Due Diligence, Financial ModellingPortfolio Management, and Equity Research

For setting up an appointment with a Magistral representative visit www.magistralconsulting.com/contact

About the Author

The article is Authored by the Marketing Department of Magistral Consulting. For any business inquiries, you could reach out to prabhash.choudhary@magistralconsulting.com

In the last decade or so, almost all functions of investment banking have seen major disruption. An investment bank from pre dot com bust era is almost unrecognizable in the present scheme of things. Almost all banks are struggling to keep in tune with the historical profits that the industry is quite used to. It’s an era where factors like Technology, Outsourcing and Innovation are relaying the rules of the game for Investment Banks

Here are the major trends that are being observed in the industry:

Changes in the IPO business

Traditionally assisting corporates in accessing the public markets has been a major source of revenue for investment banks. Banks have typically charged around 3% to 7% of the money raised as their fees. Bigger and simple IPOs commanded less percentage while smaller IPOs and complex deals commanded higher fees percentage. The number of IPOs has gone down significantly, and the average size of the fund raised has increased. Also, most bigger IPOs have been from tech firms like Facebook, Uber, and Softbank. As the tech firms are already a household brand name even before the IPO, it does not necessitate a reputed Investment Bank underwriting its shares. That gives more bargaining power in the hands of these tech firms as compared to Investment Banks and hence the fees commanded by Investment Banks are under stress.

Apart from the major trend of lesser IPOs and more bargaining power to tech clients, here is what that is further making the industry more challenging:

The trend of staying Private

The last decade also saw the emergence of multiple Private Equity and Venture Capital firms, which formed an alternative to raising funds by going public for the companies. Firms like Softbank have mega-funds which have raised hundreds of billions of dollars to be invested in companies. Raising money from private investors is faster and attracts lesser scrutiny from regulatory authorities. Companies can also function independently in a much efficient way without the pressure of retorting to QoQ profits that public companies are subjected to. This has led to even fewer companies using the services of Investment Banks to go public.

Direct Public Offerings

This concept was first shown in practice by Spotify which went public without underwriting its equity. As tech firms have previous acceptability and brand established, It is easier for them to access money due to its own brand name, rather than a Goldman Sachs or a Morgan Stanley backing it up. Spotify has shown the way to other tech firms, who probably will use this route of public listing more and more in the future.

Alternative Exchanges

There have been multiple substitutes for traditional stock exchanges like NYSE that have cropped up. These exchanges like Investor Exchange or Long term Stock Exchange (LTSE) provide an alternative to list without many complications. All of this leads to a further reduction in the fees commanded by Investment Banks. There have also been multiple platforms that bring together investors and companies using technology. One such platform, Axial Network is now known to be the Tinder of M&A.

Initial Coin Offerings

Still at its infancy but ICO is expected to be used more and more in the future. Here a company offers its equity or right to equity in a blockchain or crypto-based coin. It is still facing too much suspicion from regulatory authorities to become mainstream anytime soon.

Changes in the M&A landscape

M&A activity saw a major boom in the 80s and 90s on the back of public companies looking to improve their EPS and hence improving their valuations. Investment Banks had a bigger role to play as M&A activity was driven more from a financial angle. Presently most of the M&A activity is on the back of the strategic vision of the management, rather than looking for a quick bump in the EPS. This has led to more active role play by the Management and less importance to the value that Investment Banks bring to the table.

Apart from these following are the underlying trends that are rewriting the rules of M&A

Boutique banks and Specialization

There are multiple boutique banks that have shown spectacular growth in their business on the back of specialization. Banks specializing in tech space have shown bigger increases when compared to bigger and more generalist banks. This is because boutique banks understand the industry well and are in a position to recommend vision, strategy, and synergy-based M&A targets.


There are multiple platforms that are aiding to DIY M&A. Axial network, which is known as Tinder of M&A, connects start-ups with investors, is showing tremendous growth regarding the transactions on its platform.

Changes in Asset Management landscape

Asset Management which still forms the major chunk of revenues for bigger Investment Banks is also going through multiple changes.

Although the major chunk of revenues of bigger investment banks comes from Asset Management, it seems Banks are losing to specialized asset management firms when it comes to traction and growth.

After Lehman brothers collapse, regulatory changes led to bigger investment banks to hold bigger percentage of funds as liquid. This took away the advantage that the banks had in terms of their scale. Specialized Asset Management firms turned out to be agile and relatively less susceptible to regulatory constrictions. Specialized ETFs have given better returns than the funds managed by Investment Banks.

Changes in Equity Research

Equity research for investment banks has been commoditized to a great extent. A huge chunk of information is available that is researched sometimes manually and sometimes using automated programs, but there is very little that is being absorbed. It meant less for the Banks and Clients and probably was not even being used in the way envisaged. Banks did not care much as the cost of the research was bundled along with the cost of a trade.

A recent European Commission’s directive called MiFIID II is set to change all this. Under this Banks are expected to bill the cost of research separately. This has led to banks across the globe, taking notice of their Equity Research operations. Now that the research would be paid separately, it makes sense to evaluate the value addition it brings to the table. Investors also are now more alert in consuming these reports given that they will be paying separately for this. All of this will lead to the elimination of useless repetitive and non-insightful equity research.

Changes in Sales and Trading

Of late after the Lehman Brothers episode, there have been multiple curbs on how much a Bank can trade in the market with its own and client’s money. This has led to curbs on the capital available for trading and thus killing another lucrative source of revenue for Investment Banks

How are banks countering all this?

Large banks have taken different strategies to counter the challenges I mentioned earlier. Here are the major types of strategies followed by them:

Offloading the loss-making verticals: Banks like Morgan Stanley are letting go business divisions that are not profitable and at the same time investing more and more in verticals like Asset Management, that is turning out to be increasingly profitable.

Investing in technology: Others like Goldman Sachs are investing heavily in Technology and Platforms. They are also outsourcing a lot of operations to Low-Cost countries like India. JP Morgan is coming up with Blockchain-based crypto called JPM coin.

Still in the world of Finance, the prestige of investment banks holds significant sway. Changes have arrived but still, the pace of change is expected to be slower as compared to other industries.

The Author Prabhash Choudhary. is the CEO of Magistral Consulting (www.magistralconsulting.com), a firm that helps Investment Banks in outsourcing their operations. He can be reached at prabhash.choudhary@magistralconsulting.com for any queries.

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